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美国公民入籍面试新试题(中英文对照)

入籍面试大约十分钟时间,测试您对美国政府,历史的了解和您的英文听、读、写能力。美国政府和历史部份的考试只占两分钟。您大概不知道的是美国公民入籍考试其实在您踏入移民考官办公室的那一刻就开始了,移民考官用英文提问,您必须听懂他∕她的问题,并且用英文回答问题。通过公民入籍考试,需要的不仅是知识,更重要的是自信心。我们为您详细介绍入籍考试全部需要掌握的内容,让您充满自信应试,是您入籍必备的资料。

 

为帮助移民学习美国政府和历史部份的考试,美国公民及移民服务局(简称移民局)在2007年9月27日正式公布了最新的100 道公民入籍试题与答案。新试题已于2008年10月1日起在全美正式启用。新版入籍考试的内容是移民局花了几年时间重新制定的,目的是希望能建立一个更规范,公平的归化入籍体制。

 

此100道新试题被公认比旧版的试题难度深,以下是最难的五道题目:

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

Name one of the American Indian tribes

Name one of the three authors of Federalist papers.

What is Susan B. Anthony famous for?

Who is the current Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court?

如果这些问题您不会回答,不用担心,下面由专业人士以中、英文对照的形式对此100题逐题解读,附有声书和学习手册帮您学习。标准发音,快捷,有效,助您提高英文水平,顺利通过面试!

 

新美国公民入籍考试100题分三大部分:美国政府,美国历史和综合公民。

 

* 年满65岁、持绿卡20年以上者,只须学习有星字符号*的考题.

美国政府:

A: Principles of American Democracy (美国民主原则)

What is the supreme law of the land?

问:何为美国最高法律?

A: the Constitution

答:宪法

What does the Constitution do?

问:宪法的作用是什么?

sets up the government

答:建立政府体系

defines the government

答:设立政府规范

protects basic rights of Americans

答:保障人民各项基本权利

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

问:宪法的前三个字说明人民自治的概念,这三字是什么? 答:宣告美国脱离英国而独立

We the People

答:我们人民

What is an amendment?

问:什么叫修正案?

a change (to the Constitution)

答:(宪法的)修正条款

an addition (to the Constitution)

答:(宪法的)增补条款

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution

问: 现行宪法的前10项修正案被称作什么?

the Bill of Rights

答:人权法案

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

问:举出宪法第一修正案中的任何一项自由或权利。

speech

答:言论自由

religion

答:宗教自由

assembly

答:集会结社自由

press

答:出版自由

petition the government

答:人民有向政府请愿自由

How many amendments does the Constitution have

问:目前宪法有多少修正案?

twenty-seven (27)

答:27项修正案

What did the Declaration of Independence do?

问:“独立宣言”的作用为何?

announced our independence (from Great Britain)

答:宣布美国脱离英国独立

declared our independence (from Great Britain)

答:宣告美国脱离英国而独立

said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

答:说明美国脱离英国而独立

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

问:说出“独立宣言”中的两项权利

life

答:生命的权利

liberty

答:自由的权利

pursuit of happiness

答:追求幸福的权利

What is freedom of religion?

问:什么是宗教自由?

You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

答:你可以信仰任何宗教,也可以什么宗教都不信。

What is the economic system in the United States?*

问:美国是什么样的经济制度?

capitalist economy

答:资本主义经济

market economy

答:市场经济

What is the "rule of law"?

问:法治是什么意思?

Everyone must follow the law

答:每个人都得遵守法律

Leaders must obey the law.

答:领袖也必须遵守法律

Government must obey the law.

答:政府也得遵守法律

No one is above the law.

答:没有任何人能超越法律

B: System of Government (政府体制)

Name one branch or part of the government.*

问:说出政府三大体制中的任何一部分。

Congress

答:国会

Legislative

答:立法

President

答:总统

Executive

答:行政

The courts

答:法院

Judicial

答:司法

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful

问:有何方式可防止政府变得权力大太?

checks and balances

答:制衡

separation of powers

答:权力分立

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

问:行政部门由谁负责?

the President

答:总统

Who makes federal laws?

问:谁负责制定联邦法律?

Congress

答:国会

Senate and House (of Representatives)

答:参院及众院

(U.S. or national) legislature

答:(美国或国家)立法机构

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

问:美国国会由那两部分组成?

the Senate and House (of Representatives)

答:参院及众院

How many U.S. Senators are there?

问:联邦参院有多少位参议员?

one hundred (100)

答:100位

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

问:我们多久选一次联邦参议员?

six (6)

答:每六年

Who is one of your state's U.S. Senators now?*

问:说出你的州的两位联邦参议员中的任何一个名字。

Answers will vary.

[District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

答:答案各州不同, 见附页。(住在华府哥伦比亚特区或美国属地的居民应试者,当地没有联邦参议员。)

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

问:众院能有投票权的众议员有多少位?

four hundred thirty-five (435)

答:435位

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

问:我们多久选一次联邦国会众议员?

two (2)

答:每两年

Name your U.S. Representative.

问:说出你选区所在的众议员的名字。

Answers will vary.

[Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]

答:答案每个选区会不同 – 如果你不知道你的选区众议员的名字, 可以询问当地市政府. 或是上政府官方网页: www.house.gov ,在左上方"Find Your Representative"的地方输入你的zip code, 可以查到你所在选区的众议员名字. (住在当地国会代表没有投票权的美国属地的应试者,可以说明当地代表或是议员的姓名,或是可以说明自己选区没有众议员。)

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

问:联邦参议员代表何人?

all people of the state

答:参议员代表所在州的所有民众

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

问:为何有些州国会众议员的人数比其他州多?

(because of) the state's population

答:由那个州的人口多少而决定

(because) they have more people

问:因为那个州有更多的人口

(because) some states have more people

问:因为有些州的人口比其他州的多

We elect a President for how many years?

问:我们每几年选一次总统?

four (4)

答:每四年一次

In what month do we vote for President?*

问:我们在那一个月选总统?

November

答:11月

What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

问:目前美国总统的名字是什么?

Barack Obama

答:伯若阿克·欧巴马

Obama

答:欧巴马

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

问:现任副总统是谁?

Joe Biden

 

答: 周·拜登

Biden

答: 周·拜登

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

问:如果总统不能视事,谁会变成总统?

the Vice President

答:副总统

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

问:如果总统、副总统都不能视事,由谁来作总统?

the Speaker of the House

答:众院议长

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

问:谁是三军统帅?

the President

答:总统

Who signs bills to become laws?

问:国会通过的法案由谁签署生效变成法律?

the President

答:总统

Who vetoes bills?

问:谁能否决国会通过的法案?

the President

答:总统

What does the President's Cabinet do?

问:总统的内阁做什么事?

advises the President

答:他们对总统提出建议

What are two Cabinet-level positions?

问:任举两个内阁的部长职位。

Secretary of Agriculture

答:农业部长

Secretary of Commerce

答:商务部长

Secretary of Defense

答:国防部长

Secretary of Education

答:教育部长

Secretary of Energy

答:能源部长

Secretary of Health and Human Services

答:卫生与福利部长

Secretary of Homeland Security

答:国内安全部长

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

答:住宅与都市发展部长

Secretary of the Interior

答:内政部长

Secretary of Labor

答:劳工部长

Secretary of State

答:国务卿

Secretary of Transportation

答:运输部长

Secretary of the Treasury

答:财政部长

Secretary of Veterans Affairs

答:退伍军人事务部长

Attorney General

答:司法部长

Vice President

答:副总统

What does the judicial branch do?

问:司法部门做什么事?

reviews laws

答:检讨现有法律

explains laws

答:解释法律

resolves disputes (disagreement)

答:解决争议

decides if a law goes against the Constitution

答:决定某一法律是否抵触宪法

What is the highest court in the United States?

问:美国最高的法院是什么?

the Supreme Court

:答:联邦最高法院

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

问:联邦最高法院有几位大法官?

nine (9)

答:九位

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

问:谁是目前的联邦首席大法官?

John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

答:约翰?罗伯兹

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

问:根据宪法,有些权力属于联邦政府。举出一项联邦政府的权力。

to print money

答:印钞票

to declare war

答:宣战

to create an army

答:建立军队

to make treaties

答:签订条约

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

问:根据宪法,有些权力属于州政府。举出一项州政府权力的例子。

provide schooling and education

答:提供教育

provide protection (police)

答:提供治安保护(警察)

provide safety (fire departments)

答:提供安全(消防局)

give a driver's license

答:提供驾照

approve zoning and land use

答:审批区划和土地使用

Who is the Governor of your state now?

问:你居住州的州长是谁?

Answers will vary.

[District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.]

答:答案各州不同, 见附页。(哥伦比亚特区和美国属地居民,应回答他们没有州长.)

What is the capital of your state?*

问:你居住州的首府在哪里?

Answers will vary.

[District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]

答:答案各州不同, 见附页。(哥伦比亚特区居民,应回答哥伦比亚特区不是一个州,因此没有首府)。

What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

问:美国当今两大政党为何?

Democratic and Republican

答:民主党及共和党

What is the political party of the President now?

问:现任总统属于哪个政党?

Democratic (Party)

答:民主党

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

问:现任国会众院议长是谁?

(Nancy) Pelosi